More about Probiotics

What are Probiotics?

Probiotic bacteria are "live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health
benefit on the host" (FAO/WHO, 2001).

The intestine contains extensive “microbiota”— approx. 100 trillion bacteria cells located mainly in the large intestine. Their function is to keep the intestines healthy, assist the immune system and help with digestion of food.

What do Probiotics do in my gut?

Here is a list of the functions that probiotics have in your digestive system…

  • Digest food and compete for nutrients with pathogens
  • Alter the pH to create an unfavourable environment for pathogens
  • Produce bacteriocins to inhibit pathogens
  • Scavenge free radicals – act as an antioxidant
  • Stimulate epithelial mucin production
  • Enhance intestinal barrier function
  • Compete for adhesion with pathogens
What benefits do Probiotics offer my body?

Experts at Yale University reviewed the research.  They concluded that probiotics are most effective for:

  • Aiding in a wide variety of digestive issues and ailments
  • Building up our bodies defences against foreign invaders including: harmful bacteria, parasites, and fungus
  • Aiding with inflammation in the digestive system
  • Preventing antibiotic-associated diarrhoea and infectious diarrhoea
  • Significantly helping the body’s immune response
  • Aiding and preventing eczema and other skin related issues


Why are Probiotics good for your immune system?

The immune system is believed to be largely aided by bacteria in the digestive system. The intestine is the body’s most important immune function–related organ.  Approximately 60% of the body’s immune cells are present in the intestinal mucosa.

Probiotics aid the immune system by:

  • Activating various types of immune cells in the body to fight viruses, bacteria and parasites
  • Controlling immune responses to dietary proteins and thereby preventing food allergies